Succulent plants look fleshy with thickened leaves and have swollen stems for storing water. Succulents are capable of surviving on limited water resources. Their personal misty and dewy climate makes them tolerant to drought.
The main advantage of growing these plants indoors is that they have a wonderful capacity to retain water and survive in dry climates.
They are ideal as a low maintenance houseplant. As a first time gardener, you can follow the steps given below to take amazing care of your favorite indoor succulent plant.
- Select a suitable succulent based on your indoor settings: Succulents have a common trait: they all like direct sunlight. If you are thinking of growing them in a hanging planter, then you can choose the String of Bananas succulent plant; on the other hand, choosing a Mother-in-law tongue plant can be perfect if you have a shaded corner in your home. These are low light-tolerant plants.
Note: Make sure to check the plant labels for confirming sunlight needs, size and spread as well.
- Provide a well-draining potting standard: Nurseries always supply rich soil which retains more moisture. You need to repot your plant as soon as possible after bringing it home. Begin with a grainy potting mix that will allow for good water drainage. Potting mixes especially made for succulents can be found at a nursery. Remember to wet the mix before using it so that the mixture is moist evenly throughout.
- Use a perfect size container: When you choose a container for transferring your succulent then make sure it has a proper drainage hole and is minimum 1 to 2 inches larger than the nursery’s container. You need to fill one-third of the bottom part of the container with suitable pre-moistened potting mix. Next, set it up in the right position at your home. Fill the pot with more pre-moistened potting mix.
Note: Try to avoid glass containers like terrariums or mason jars. It will be wiser to pursue a long-term solution like planting them in a pot. A glass container does not allow roots to breathe which can cause root rot over time.
- Leave the potting mix to dry before watering: Overwatering the plant potting is a bad idea; however, you can water the succulents every two to three weeks. Make sure that water flows out of the drainage hole properly and also allow the mixture to dry out considerably before the next watering. If the potting mix stays regularly wet every day, your plant may die eventually.
- Choose a location in your home where the succulent gets enough sun: Minimum 6 hours of sun per day is essential for most succulents. You can select a place near a south- or east-facing window.
Note: If succulents don’t receive enough sun, notice that they becoming stretchy or spindly near the sunlight.
- Fertilize the succulents at least once a year: It is important to use a balanced, all-purpose and water-soluble fertilizer diluted to half the power recommended on the package instructions. Avoid fertilizing succulents in the winter season when they are semi-dormant.
Succulent plant care tips:
A suitable place to start with these plants is by at first choosing to grow the ones which are naturally green. You can also select succulents which don’t prefer direct sunlight. According to the plants’ preference, proper shade and low light facilities can make a big difference in creating a successful indoor succulent garden. Below are a few tips for taking care of your plants:
- Keep them clean: Indoor plants pick up dust easily on their surface. To ensure their growth, wipe off the leaves and spines lightly with a damp cloth.
- Supply water depending on the season: During the summer and spring season, succulents drink up much more water compared to the winter and fall.
- Make sure they get enough light daily: They like light and it can be six hours of sun per day depending on your plant’s species.
- Be careful of bug attacks: Sometimes, you may have to face bugs. If the soil is too wet and does not have a perfect drainage system, gnats can be drawn to succulents. Over-fertilizing and overwatering are common reasons for mealy bugs. In this situation, you need to move the infected plants away from the good succulents. You can spray the infected ones with 70 percent isopropyl alcohol.
Check out the FAQ below or our guide to growing succulent cuttings.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is it right to use sand for planting succulents?
Succulents desire rocky loose soil and need nutrients to grow perfectly. The best potting medium for a succulent is one specifically formulated for them. A well-draining mix of potting soil, perlite, and coarse sand can also be used.
Is it possible to start succulents from seeds?
Yes! The seeds can be grown in indoor light, and moist soil. However, they do grow a bit slower and normally don’t reach transplant size until 6 months to 1 year after germinating.